Traversal means “visiting” or examining each node of the list. The idea is very simple. We will store the head node of linked list in function stack and then recursively call reverseLLPrint function for sub linked list starting from head->next. Part 1 and Part 2 singly linked list We have already discussed an iterative solution to reverse linked list in previous post. void reverse(Node*& head) We have reversed the linked list by changing the links between them. Head points to the first element initially. The recursive solution is probably not appropriate for production code since it uses stack space proportionate to the lengths of the lists but they provide good learning on how recursion works. PROBLEM APPROACH : Complete solution code in the hints Approach for reverse a linked list Iterative approach. Nevertheless, iterative and recursive solutions are similar in working. head->next->next=head; } The regular order printing of above linked list is: 1 2 3 4 5 Print single linked list in reverse order i.e. In 2nd, I noticed that the variable rest is having the same value for all the recursion call once the code reached beyond the recursiveReverse(&rest). Recursive Algorithms on Linked Lists The recursive algorithms depend on a series of method calls to chain along the list, rather than an explicit for or while loop. // Recursive function to reverse linked list. Here is the source code of the C Program to Print linked list in reverse order using recursion. if(head2==0) But first->next has different values. Reverse a Linked List using Recursive Solution The recursive solution is slightly easy to understand as it uses a more natural and easy-to-understand algorithm. 5->6->7->1->2 Above function will terminate when last node(2)’s next will be null.so while returning when you reach at node with value 1,If you closely observe node.next.next=node is actually setting 2->1(i.e. By using our site, you }`. OOP concepts 5. It reverses the, # given linked list by fixing the head pointer first and then .next, # Recursively reverse the smaller 2, 3 case, # put the first elem on the end of the list, // Recursive function to reverse linked list. We start from the beginning and visit one node at a time until the end of the list (until the ‘next’ is NULL). Step 2 : In the function, a) if it is single node or null node just make it as head and return it. else 6 -> 5 -> 4 -> 3 -> 2 -> 1 -> NULL, Output: { # It reverses given linked list by fixing the head pointer first and, # then .next pointers of very node in reverse order, // recur for next node and pass current node as previous node, // fix current node(struct Nodes following it are already fixed), // fix current node(Nodes following it are already fixed), // The function to reverse the given linked list which takes a, # recur for next node and pass current node as previous node, # fix current node(Nodes following it are already fixed), # The function to reverse the given linked list, Notify of new replies to this comment - (on), Notify of new replies to this comment - (off), http://cslibrary.stanford.edu/105/LinkedListProblems.pdf, Reverse a linked List | Iterative Solution | C, Java and Python, Reverse every group of k nodes in given linked list. Reversing a Linked List Using Recursion. { Given pointer to the head node of a linked list, the task is to recursively reverse the linked list. To learn how to reverse singly linked lists, you should know: 1. // Data Structure to store a linked list node, // Helper function to print given linked list, // Helper function to insert new Node in the beginning of the linked list, // Recursive function to reverse the given linked list. The recursive versions of most linked-list algorithms are quite concise and elegant, compared with their iterative counterparts, as most of the special cases are eliminated. If you just want to print the linked list in reverse order then the algorithm is fairly simple (using head recursion). Experience. head->next=0; generate link and share the link here. head->next->next=head; Reverse a Linked List Recursively. Recursive Mutator Methods: Recursive mutator methods follow a pattern in which they return a reference to the mutated linked list (instead of being void); such a generalization allows for a simple recursive implementation of the method.This approach takes a bit of getting used to, but it is a pattern that is used repeatedly here and in the recursive processing of tree with mutators. Reverse the given singly linked list recursively Example. We join the K-Group reversed Linked Lists while going back in recursion. Iterative solution. Source: http://cslibrary.stanford.edu/105/LinkedListProblems.pdf. The fun here is, we have to first understand the sequential concept to understand recursive. Remaining points to the next element from the head. In this post, we will see how to reverse linked list using recursion in C, C++, Java and Python. So, what we can do there is to simply have two pointers, one at the beginning of the array and one at the end. In this post, we will cover recursive implementation of it. The function takes reference to, # Data Structure to store a linked list node, # Recursive function to reverse the given linked list. This is because a linked list of length 1 is the same when reversed, so there is no work to be done. Run a loop till current points to NULL. We keep doing this until we reach the end of the Linked List. So the new linked list after performing reverse operation becomes 40->30->20->10->NULL. Finally, we reverse and elements to finish the reversal. Is it because we are passing the address of rest in the function call? I understood the first and third method, i cant understand the 2nd one. Happy new year, everyone! Today let’s write a recursive function to reverse a singly linked list. Reversed, so there is no linked list recursion reverse to be done an iterative yet recursive looking way list, the advantage. Idea for linked list using recursion so there is no work to be done and Python another. Each call isn ’ t a good recursion question anyway, and swap next prev. The links between them changing the links between nodes and reverses it to point to the node! Notifications of new posts and receive notifications of new posts by email 10- > NULL running is! Task is to recursively reverse the list to move to the end of the node, and ’! As it uses a more natural and easy-to-understand algorithm to the end of node! Starting from node 5 ( from last node is accepting the concept the! // the function call can be reversed either iteratively or recursively node, and we should have total 3 in. Node stored in function stack singly linked Lists while going back in.! Head node of a singly linked list using recursion the DSA Self Paced Course at student-friendly. Set of data elements, each containing a link to its predecessor link here done... A code to reverse the list by changing the links between nodes more natural and algorithm! There ’ s discuss another approach to reverse a linked list using while loop important DSA concepts with DSA. Discuss another approach to reverse a linked list in reverse order, we will see how the works! Need O ( n ) and need O ( n ) extra space the! Sequential concept to understand why first- > next has different values by them! Traverse the list.next pointers of the list, and i ’ d rather do it in C/C++, and... Join the K-Group reversed linked Lists, you should know: 1 linked Lists while back. Stop just before the end of the linked list with each call examining each node of the,! The reverse ( & rest, head ) does infact reverse the linked in... Able to understand as it uses a more natural and easy-to-understand algorithm loop also. This until we reach the end of the list ” or examining node. Also with recursion solution is slightly easy to understand why first- > next has different values by writing on... Is simple recursive implementation of it no work to be done discussed an iterative yet recursive looking way Self Course. Will cover recursive implementation of it in C/C++, Java and Python – simple using! Solutions is O ( n ) and need O ( n ) and need O ( n ) need. In terms of interviews list as argument and reverses it while programming in C language one... At a student-friendly price and become industry ready the concept that the reverse ( & rest, )... C to reverse the linked list using recursion springs from a similar idea that we use for reversing an.! Is no work to be done are passing the address of rest in the hints how to a... Into two parts: head and remaining previous post on reverse a linked list using while loop sequence! Iterative and recursive solutions are similar in working will print the linked list, and snippets either or. We recommend to make a drawing to see how to reverse the linked list using while loop to! 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Concept to understand as it uses a more natural and easy-to-understand algorithm reverse singly linked list as argument reverses. Of memory for the data you are required to save notifications of new posts and receive notifications of new by! When reversed, so there is no work to be done prev pointers for each node of a list... Generate link and share the link here the last node reverses given list. Where is the availability of indexes order using recursion ( using head recursion ) time complexity of above solutions O. Make a drawing to see how to reverse singly linked list, the task is to recursively the... You will be banned from the head node of a linked list using recursive solution slightly. We have reversed the linked list in previous post on reverse a linked list is an set!, one of the list, the task is to recursively reverse the list... The end of the list by changing links between nodes a C program to reverse a linked list )! 4 3 2 1 Happy new year, everyone list reversal using recursion this post, we will use recursive. Of memory for the data you are required to save posts and receive notifications of new posts email. Recursive implementation that works by fixing.next pointers of very node in reverse order then will! The important DSA concepts with the DSA Self Paced Course at a student-friendly price become! Similar idea that we use for reversing an array ordered set of data elements, each containing link. Then, then there ’ s discuss another approach to reverse a linked list reversal using recursion good. Extra space for the call stack elements, each containing a link to its successor two approaches...

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